MUSIC CONCERT

The best way to enjoy music

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How the Printing Press Changed Music

How the Printing Press Changed Music

Renaissance means rebirth. And the reason the period between the 14th and 17th century is given that name is that many things were either created or recreated in ways that changed history.

One of which is the printing press which of course had amazing effects on the spread of knowledge and arts. In this article, we’ll be looking at how it affected music in particular.

Needless to say, before being able to use a printer, people had to copy music notes by hand. But thanks to the printing press, people could easily and quickly print music.

Middle Ages

This is the period between 800-1450 c. during which the Catholic Church was powerfully dominant and most of those who weren’t illiterate were members of the clergy.

That’s why most of the music was documented in decorative manuscripts and labeled illuminative manuscripts.

Their “paper” was mainly vellum made from animal hide and on which red and black lines were used.

Woodblock Printing

During the 15th century, woodblock printing was invented.
The process consisted of drawing or writing the music on a piece of flat wood by carving out the wood to make the symbols protrude.

Then, the piece of wood was inked and pressed on vellum or paper.

Music Type

In 1450, Johann Gutenberg introduced the printing press invention which was a game-changer.
In music type printing, you basically assemble the notes, lines, and beams represented as moveable type into a puzzle.

This had to be done in reverse and was a bit of a tedious task. However, it made copying, duplicating, and distributing music a lot faster.

Music Engraving

Music engraving quickly replaced moveable type as the latter made duplicating some details of hand-written manuscripts a bit difficult.

The process consisted of planning outlines, spaced, and layout on paper where the page turns are determined.

Lithography

In 1796, lithography was invented by Alois Senefelder.

The process consisted of drawing images, text, or music on a smooth piece of limestone with an oil-based ink.
Then, pouring acid onto the stone to burn the image onto the surface.

After that, a water-soluble solution was applied to adhere to the non-oily surface and seal it.

To actually print, the water adhered to the solution whereas the oily ink repelled it to allow the images to form.

Printing Blocks

Since lithography didn’t suit all tasks as some of them included written words, people resorted to printing blocks.
Printing blocks were the same height as the type used and were easy to incorporate into a normal letterpress job.

Photography

Once again, music printing was changed with the invention of the camera.
Photolithography was a very practical method for copying music.

The process consisted of transferring a photo image to a metal plate or a stone through the help of chemicals.
Then, the stone was treated to produce a printing surface.

Stencils

Although they weren’t that popular or fast, stencils were still used as they provided consistency in terms of the size of the notes and clefs.

Stencils basically had the shapes of the music notes that could be filled in. And once a stenciled copy existed, it could be used to produce more copies through processes like lithography or photography.

The NOTEMASTER was one of the most popular stencil devices in the 1980s.

Music Typewriters

Although music typewriters were invented in the 19th century, they only became popular in the mid-1900s.

Music typewriters were mostly like regular typewriters except for the Keaton Music Typewriter which had two keyboards –a stationary one and a moveable one.

Technology

By the 1950s and 1960s, music could be documented and notated through computers and software.
The earliest two programs developed were Plaine and Easie Code and DRAMS (Digital Alternate Representation of Musical Scores).

However, computers back then lacked visual feedback to the encoder.

Thanks to the invention of the desktop computer, however, music notation developed with the developing of programs such as SMUT, SCORE, MUSTRAN, MEG, and the Oxford Music Processor.

It’s worth mentioning that in 1976, Armando dal Molin invented the MusiComp which was a computer designated to notating music.

It had two keyboards. The one on the left was used to set the pitch while the one on the right contained the music symbol and letters.

After entering the music, you could edit it and save it to the attached microcassette.
This microcassette was able to store up to 30 pages of music and then used to print music on another machine.

How Can Music Affect Fishing

How Can Music Affect Fishing

At first glance, this may seem like an odd question to strike. You may think they’re completely unrelated but that’s not true. If you’ve fished with music on, you know how it can affect the whole process.

How Can Music Affect Fishing?

Do Fish Hear Music?

Yes, but not in the way humans do, of course. A fish isn’t able to distinguish between various genres and artists the way a human being can.

However, they are able to sense the vibrations and the sound waves emitting from the music. And this can –in some cases- drive them away from the source.

This is one reason you should look for a smooth spinning reel. You can find some of the best on this list: https://www.spinningreelguide.net/best-spinning-reel/.

The sound pressure waves that pass through water create motion in the particles close to the source of the sound.

Furthermore, fish have “neuromasts” which are organs on the skin or in canals right beneath their skin’s surface.

These neuromasts contain hair cells that resemble the inner ear and are able to detect relative motion between themselves and the water around the fish.

Moreover, fish have a lateral line system to recognize acoustic signals at a short range. This is about a distance of one to two body lengths. It occurs at low frequencies that range between 160 Hz to 200 Hz.

The movement of the sound passes through the fish’s body in concert with the traveling sound wave as the body is almost of the same density as water.

However, the bones in the inner ear of fish are a lot denser than water (and thereby the fish’s body). So the bones in them move a lot slower in response to the sound waves than does the rest of the fish.

These waves can affect the fish’s behavior in terms of hiding away or –as some studies showed- appetite.

And that should explain to you why many lures use vibrations and rattling.

Additionally, sound waves affect different fish in different ways as the sensitivity to sound differs from one species to another.

Playing loud music was seen to make fish squirm and swim around the tank. This is due to that fact that not only do they hear the sounds of the music, but also the sound waves rippling through the water –and their bodies- which may startle them.

Bad News If You’re an Angler That Likes Music?

Don’t worry about that, we’ve prepared a list of the best music you can fish to without scaring your fish away.

  • Just Fishin’ by Trace Adkins
    Bringing back memories with its lyrics that are about fishing with the kids, this song is bound to hype you up.
  • in the Dark by Nitty Gritty Dirt Band
    Unlike what the title may suggest, this one is actually about dating. Goes with the saying “Plenty of fish in the sea”. What’s with relationships and fish? Anyway, the upbeat sound of the song should get you moving.
  • Bait a Hook by Justin Moore
    Stressing over the importance of fishing, this song is a perfect fit for your trip.
  • A Country Boy Can Survive by Hank Williams Jr
    Hank “Can catch catfish from dusk ‘til dawn”, and he’ll definitely motivate you to do so yourself.
  • A Bad Day Fishing by Elijah Gilbert
    Only a true fishing-enthusiast (like Elijah) will understand that “A bad day fishin’ beats a good day of anything else”.
  • I’m Still a Guy by Brad Paisley
    When you’re passionate about something, you see everything in terms related to your passion. That’s why “When you see a lake you think picnics” but Brad and I “See a largemouth under that log”.

Top Indian bands in 2019

 

Ever had a really bad day and maybe listening to a song helped you calm down a bit. Music not only helped me in distracting from a situation it also helped me create bonds with people with similar music tastes. With an ever-rising number of streaming services like Spotify, gana, savan, wynk, and many more we are not only being introduced to international artists like Drake, Taylor Swift, BTS, J Balvin but it has also seen a rise in Indian musicians being introduced to the mainstream. Let’s look at some musicians who made their mark in the past few years.

Image result for music band

When chai meets toast

The band is from Kochi and is formed by a group of 4 friends, Pai Sailesh on the drums, Palee Francis on the keyboard, Achyuth Jaigopal plays the guitar and banjos and Ashwin Gopakumar is the lead vocalist. Although the band had a hiatus for 2 year they came back and created quite a fan base. As the name suggests it’s a fusion of the west and the east. If your tired of listening of fast pace typical meaningless Bollywood songs this band is your stop. Although they were formed a year ago thus band is becoming immensely popular for their soul-based songs with a soft melody and beautiful lyrics like in their song Firefly.

Pentagram

They are the pioneers of Indian rock music. The band is led by the famous composer Vishal and was formed in 1994 in Mumbai.  Their music is a huge stress buster to a majority and one more thing that can help you deal with stress is www.balancedcbd.comEven though the band was formed n the 90s the band is very still much relevant for its songs. They were the stepping stone for independent music producers. They have performed at MTV Unplugged and are most recognized for the song Voices.

Sanam

Sanam is a pop band formed by Sanam Puri (singer-pianist), Samar Puri (guitarist), Keshav Dhanraj (drummer) and Venky S (bassist )  in 2010 in Mumbai. They are notable for making remix versions of classic Bollywood songs along with their original compositions. They had a massive rise in fame not only due to their unique remixes but also due to their boyish charms and are often dubbed as One Direction of India.

Nooran Sisters

The Nooran Sisters is the dynamic Sufi duo- Jyoti and Sultana. They come from a family of musicians with their great grandmother being Bibi Nooran a renowned Punjabi Sufi Singer of her time in the ’70s. they were discovered on the Punjabi  TV show, Nikki Awaaz Punjab Di and gained wide recognition. Their mesmerizing performance at CokeStudio@MTV of the Sufi song “Allah Hoo” is a must hear song for Sufi listeners. They have won several awards and have gained international recognition and have performed abroad.

Swarathama

Swarathma is a Bangalore based folk fusion band featuring Vasu Dixit, Pavan Kumar KJ, Varun Murali, Sanjeev Nayak, Jishnu Dasgupta and Joel Milan Baptist. They are notable for mixing folk and classical tunes with western tunes. Some of their songs deal with social issues like corruption, communalism. Their songs are a breath of fresh air with ever-changing the music industry. With the elections right around the corner, their song Topiwalleh describes the current environment perfectly.

Aditi Ramesh

She’s creating a name for herself in the Indian jazz community and it is not a surprise. The 28-year-old gave up her job as a lawyer and pursued music for full time in 2016. She grew up in Buffalo, New York and she shifted to India. Her songs with a touch of western tunes incorporated with her resonating classical Carnatic voice capturing one’s complete attention. Her song Marriageable Age is not only relatable but also beautifully composed exhibits her potential perfectly.

 

 

How is dTAB used?

How is dTAB used?

Here is an example of some dTAB music The beginning of Malaguena 10 11 13 11 10  20 23 21 20 21 32 31 32 20 23 21 20 32 31 As we can see this starts on the High E string (10’s) moves on to the B string (20’s) then on to the G string (30’s) then back to the B string and ends on the G string. If the player is required to play more than one string at a time then it can be written like this 20, 30, 42 10, 22

The player plays the open 2nd and 3rd strings and the 4th string second fret all together then the open 1st string and 2nd string second fret both together

As you can see it is immediately obvious which string needs to be played and it is much easier to work out which notes you are actually playing. If you use the free dTAB player or dTAB composer, both available as Android Apps, then they will display the notes for you.

Another big advantage to using dTABs is that there is no need for any special paper, you can just jot it down on any old piece of paper any time anywhere, brilliant if you happen to be a composer or need to quickly write the notes of a song down on the fly. Another way too present dTABs may be actually on the music like this

This is a scoresheet with dTAB symbols added. I did this by taking a PDF file of the scoresheet then in the Free Acrobat PDF reader I added the dTAB symbols using some custom made stamps which can easily be made in the free reader. The different colour squares denote the string to be played.

This is a poor picture, in the actual PDF the boxes are easily readable and could be made smaller in order to enter more than one at each point.

This is a scoresheet but it could just as easily be a TAB sheet. If there is any interest in using this system I could probably make my custom stamps available for download. The best option to play the D Tab is on peace of nature on a Floating Dock.

The Clock face method for memorizing the notes on the fretboard.

Learning all the notes on the guitar fretboard is a challenge. Unlike a piano keyboard the notes on the guitar fretboard are scattered all over the place and there is no obvious pattern at all.

Few people can memorize every note even after many years of playing. Most people use some sort association method in order recognise the notes. Clearly the best method is to memorize every note position, but I find that impossible so the method I use is the Clock face method which enables me to identify each note very quickly although not instantly.

You are probably thinking what on earth does a Clock face have to do with the notes on a guitar fretboard well a clock face has 2 very interesting features 1. It is divided into 12 segments and there just happens to be 12 different notes Ab, A, A#, B, C, C#, D, Eb, E, F, F# and G. 2.

Just about everyone in the world understands a Clock Face, time seems to be one of the few truly universal measures. We start with the 12 o’clock position, I like to label 12 o’clock as the note ‘E’.

You could in theory allocate any note, but I use ‘E’ for reasons that will become clearer later. The rest of the notes are allocated clockwise in sequence so that the clock face looks like this  

12 o’clock represents the open E strings. For our purposes the hours are unimportant we will concentrate on minutes.

Each segment represents 1 fret or 5mins so that 4 frets are 20 minutes. ‘Ab’ is 20 minutes past the hour. If we are on the 7th fret of the 6th string top(bass) ‘E’ then we are 35 minutes past the hour so the note must be ‘B’. The ‘E’ strings are the easiest to work out because they start at 12 o’clock. If we are on the 7th fret of the 5th ‘A’ string, then we are 35 minutes past 25 minutes past the hour making it 60 minutes past the hour (remember the hours are unimportant) which of course is 12 o’clock again so the note is ‘E’.

This is because the ‘A’ string starts at 25 minutes past the hour. Each string could be thought of as a different time zone.

The open string times are E = 0 minutes past the hour A = 25 minutes past the hour D = 50 minutes past the hour G = 15 minutes past the hour B = 35 minutes past the hour E = 0 minutes past the hour Eg. 3rd fret on the ‘G’ string = 15mins + 15 mins = 30 mins past the hour ‘A#’ All you need to memorize is the position of each note on the clock face, for this I find it is a good idea to start by remembering the quarter hours. ie. ‘G’ is quarter past | ‘A#’ is half past | ‘C#’ is quarter to | from them it is easy to work out the notes in between. You could think of notes in terms of hours if you like ie ‘G’ = 3 o’clock | ‘B’ = 7 o’clock personally I find this confusing, but some may find it easier.

This may seem a little confusing because I use various different terms for the time, but I find it helps to think of it in the same way you think of time so that 15 minutes is quarter past whereas 25 minutes is 25 minutes past or zero minutes past is 12 o’clock.

One handy aspect is that the 12th fret times are the same as the open string times so on the higher frets you can subtract the time from the starting point. ie. the 10th fret of the ‘A’ string is 10 minutes before 25 minutes past which is 15 minutes past making it a ‘G’.

You could consider the 12th fret as being 1 o’clock so that the 14th fret on the ‘E’ string = 10 past one, I find it to be unnecessary myself although from the 12th fret upwards I count from 12 rather than 0 (14 = 2 or 18 = 6 ect.). This all sounds very complicated but in fact if you try it you will find it is really very easy and quickly becomes very intuitive.

Exactly how to Pay Attention to Ambient Songs

Years ago, I had a college friend who was an evangelizing devotee of the abstract painter Mark Rothko. I remember her gushing over a magazine of Rothko’s job, while I was thinking that I need to be aesthetically tested; I just didn’t “obtain” it. Nevertheless, the majority of the paints were just huge rectangular shapes of shade, with small abnormalities as well as a contrasting border or stripe. All of the familiar recommendation points of the line as well as form, a point of view and also darkness, were gone. I could value them as “layout,” yet not as “art.” While they were pleasing sufficient, I could not see why anyone would certainly rhapsodize over these abstractions … up until I first saw them for myself in person– a totally different experience! When I experienced them at the Museum of Modern Art, they actually stopped me in my tracks, overturning conscious thought as well as diving me quickly right into a transformed state. They were not just flat canvases on a wall surface, however, seemed more like living points, pulsing and also throbbing in vibration to a wavelength that had a fundamental connection to the Resource of things. I was surprised. They really did not “express” a feeling– they were even more like sensations themselves, as well as they looked like nothing personal to me, or Rothko, or any individual. When I later on checked out the reproductions Rothko’s operate in publications, they reverted to level examples of shade. There was a recollection, but no leisure of my experience. This was an experience that depended on the presence of the initial artifact (art: a reality).

A Song is Not a Tone

I spent my very early music life working mainly with music that used-like representational art– some set of familiar musical conventions to produce its result. There are numerous vocabularies of tune, counterpoint, rhythm, harmony, and also framework that location songs in a context of form that makes it understandable to listeners. “Understandable” is not precisely what I imply– it recommends that music interacts just intellectual concepts, whereas as a matter of fact, it communicates and expresses a whole range of suggestions, sensations, feelings, and organizations. But there is an element of “intelligibility” to standard forms of songs that rely on a common formal vocabulary of expression. There recognize components that audiences utilize to secure their real-time experience of composition, formal or sonic components that are borrowed from various other pieces developed

Music, Economics, and also Beyond

Cory Doctorow, Canadian reporter and also co-editor as well as of the off-beat blog Boing Boing, is a lobbyist in favor of liberalizing copyright regulations as well as a supporter of the Creative Commons non-profit company devoted to expanding the range of imaginative works offered for others to build upon legitimately as well as to share. Doctorow, as well as others, continue to compose prolifically about the apocalyptic modifications facing Copyright as a whole as well as the music sector in particular.

In this article, we will check out the calamity dealing with U.S. industry through the portal example of the songs market, a basic sector in comparison to those of automotive or energy. However, in the simpleness of this instance, we might reveal some lessons that apply to all industries.

In his web-article, “The Unavoidable March of Recorded Music Towards Free,” Michael Arrington tells us that songs CD sales continue to drop alarmingly. “Musicians like Prince and also Nine Inch Nails are flouting their tags and also either giving music away or telling their followers to take it … Radiohead, which is no longer managed by their tag, Capitol Records, put their brand-new electronic album for sale on the net for whatever price individuals intend to pay for it.” As many others have actually repeated in recent years, Arrington reminds us that unless efficient legal, technological, or various other artificial obstacles to production can be created, “simple economic concept determines that the rate of songs [needs to] fall to absolutely no as more ‘competitors’ (in this case, audiences that copy) go into the marketplace.”

Unless sovereign federal governments that sign up for the Universal Copyright Convention take radical steps, such as the recommended required songs tax to prop up the sector, there essentially exist no economic or lawful barriers to keep the rate of taped songs from dropping toward no. In response, artists, as well as tags, will most likely go back to focusing on various other earnings streams that can, and also will, be made use of. Particularly, these consist of live music, merchandise, and limited edition physical duplicates of their songs.
According to writer Stephen J. Dubner, “The most intelligent aspect of the Rolling Stones under Jagger’s leadership is the band’s workmanlike, corporate approach to touring. The economics of pop music include 2 main profits streams: record sales and also touring earnings.

Exactly how To Accredit Your Songs

Music is a big part of the world. Centuries had passed yet songs endured and also even grew to higher heights every decade. Actually, the demand of music has been rising extremely steadily in the past decade and also it will proceed by doing this in the near future. It occurs with the big amount of revenue the music market is currently getting year after year. It is an unstoppable force as people always search for the following terrific musician around the bend, therefore continuing the cycle and the importance of songs. The demand for songs web content is at an all-time high. The global songs revenue considering that the turn of the century has been consistent. The currency is determined in billions.

As the technology expanded, songs got much more technical, complicated and also sought after. Others take debt for utilizing songs they do not own. Nowadays, independent artists are aware of securing their work for legal purposes. Through music licensing, you can be guaranteed of your asset/work being protected lawfully.

What is songs licensing? Music licensing is the accredited utilized for copyrighted songs. This allows the proprietor of the songs to maintain the copyright of their original job. It also guarantees the proprietor of the music work to be compensated if their songs are being made use of by others. The music licensing business has limited civil liberties to utilize the work without different arrangements. In songs licensing, you can get your work licensed in the form of songs, make-up and also songwriting.

During the music licensing procedure, there are terms that would be talked about by the groups involved. If you are an independent artist, you would be the licensor. You are the one responsible for the music produced, thus you are the copyright owner of the licensed job. A licensee would certainly be the music licensing business as they would certainly be the one that will disperse your work to other sectors. They will likewise accumulate the royalty fees as distribute them back to you if your songs are consisted of in live performances, TV shows, ads, campaigns, computer game, etc
. There are also 2 types of contracts in music licensing, namely special agreement and non-exclusive agreement. Exclusive agreement means having your work accredited solely to a solitary song licensing business. Just a solitary company has the authority to disperse and also market your work.

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